Thank you, Mr. President. I would like to thank the Security Council President, Ambassador Lyall Grant, for his introduction of the Security
Council’s annual report to the General Assembly, as required under UN
Charter Articles 15 and 24, and Ambassador Ogwu and the Nigerian
delegation for their preparation of the annual report during their
Presidency of the Security Council in July.
The annual report provides non-Council members with a transparent and comprehensive review of the intensive work of the Security Council. We
hope the report does indeed facilitate the exchange of information and
enhance the cooperation between these two co-equal principal organs of
the United Nations.
The United States takes seriously the importance of making sure that all member states are informed of and appropriately involved in the
Council’s work. The Council has made a distinct effort to ensure that
more of its meetings are open and we welcome all member states to
participate in Council proceedings during such sessions. During our
Presidency of the Council next month, the United States will be
continuing the practice of providing a briefing to non-members on the
program of work.
Mr. President, turning to our other topic today, we welcomed your reappointment of Ambassador Tanin to chair the sixth round of
intergovernmental negotiations on Security Council reform. We again
pledge our full support to Ambassador Tanin’s efforts to shepherd these
negotiations forward and we hope member states will approach this next
round with pragmatism and flexibility. While we know that genuine
disagreements remain on certain aspects of this issue, we hope these
talks lead to
reform that is member-state driven and enjoys broad consensus.
As we stated during the first five rounds of these negotiations and will continue to elaborate in more detail in the current round, the
United States believes that the long-term viability of the Security
Council depends on its reflecting the world of the 21st century. We support expansion of the Council in a way that will neither diminish its effectiveness nor its efficiency.
Let me briefly summarize key elements of my government’s position:
The United States is open in principle to a modest expansion of both permanent and non-permanent members. The United States strongly believes
that any consideration of an expansion of permanent members must be
country-specific in nature.
In assessing which countries merit permanent membership, the United States will take into account the ability of countries to contribute to
the maintenance of international peace and security and other purposes
of the United Nations. As we set out in our National Security Strategy
earlier this year, my government is committed to engaging emerging
powers into the international architecture.
The United States supports a Security Council membership that upholds human rights and the rule of law at home and abroad, and makes
significant contributions to the implementation of Security Council
decisions, especially through their enforcement, as well as financial,
personnel, and political support.
As we have previously stated, the United States is not open to an enlargement of the Security Council that changes the current veto structure.
We remain committed to a serious, deliberate effort, working with other member states, to find a way forward that both adapts the Security
Council to current global realities and enhances the ability of the
Security Council to carry out its mandate and effectively meet the
challenges of the new century.
Thank you, Mr. President.